Human and Economic Cost of Conflict in the Horn of Afric, 1991-2014

Activity: Talk or presentationOral presentationAcademic


This presentation collaborated materials collected from the latest data available in major datasets the world over. Chronologically, we commence with the 2008 Report published by the Geneva Declaration Secretariat on the Global Burden of Armed Violence (GBAV). The report presented global figures on direct and indirect conflict deaths. It made use of both methods, incident reporting and survey-based estimates, to calculate mortality rates. To calculate the number of direct conflict deaths, it pooled a variety of incident-based datasets. On the basis of mortality rates from 13 different conflicts around the world, it further estimated that for every person who died violently in wars around the world, another four died from war-exacerbated disease and malnutrition. The evidence base used in order to calculate indirect-to-direct ratio of 4:1 was narrow, and there are, in fact, huge variations between countries afflicted by conflict. The Presentation uses Uppsala Conflict Data Program (1990-2014) classification of conflict into State-Based, Non-State and one Sided and the cost accounting method to calculate the cost of conflict in the Horn of Africa. The overall results show that conflicts have produced disastrous human and economic impacts in the Horn of Africa, with huge loss of human life and economic development gains. In policy, terms not arresting these conflicts will undermine Africa’s continental development agenda known as Agenda 2063, its structural transformation agenda as well as its contribution to global development in terms of Sustainable Development Goals.
Period2 Oct 2015
Event titleConference on Conflict and Development in Africa, organized by the United Nations Economic Commission for Africa, Ghana from 2 - 3 October 2015
Event typeOther
LocationAccra, Ghana