Personal profile

Research interests

Xandra Kramer is professor of Private Law at Erasmus School of Law. She combines this position with a parttime (0,2) professorship in Private International Law at Utrecht University. In addition, she is a Deputy Judge at the District Court of Rotterdam, and member of the advisory board of this court . She was elected member to the Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Sciences in 2019. She studied law at Leiden University (cum laude). Her first (student) article was awarded with the Ars Aequi prize (1996). She was assistant professor at Leiden University and obtained her Ph.D. on provisional measures and private international law in 2001. She worked as an assistant and associate professor at Erasmus School of Law and was appointed professor on 1 February 2011.

Xandra conducts research and lectures in the area of civil justice and private international law and has published numerous articles and books in these areas. She is particularly fascinated by the cross-roads between economic efficiency and procedural fairness, the functioning of civil justice systems and its impact on litigants, transnational complex litigation and enforcement, and the harmonisation of EU private international law and civil procedure. Her research combines doctrinal legal research, comparative law, policy-oriented and empirical research.

She was awarded a research fellowship for a project on the harmonisation of civil procedure in the EU by the Board of Erasmus University (2004). In 2010, she was awarded a VIDI-grant by the Dutch Research Council (NWO) for a research on Securing Quality in Cross-Border Enforcement in the EU (2011-2016). In 2016, she obtained an ERC consolidator grant for her project Building EU civil justice: challenges of procedural innovations - bridging access to justice (2017-2022). In 2020, she was awarded a VICI grant by the Dutch Research Council (NWO) for the project Affordable access to justice: challenges of procedural innovations - bridging access to justice (2020-2025). She has been a project leader and has participated in numerous studies for the Dutch Ministry of Security and Justice, the European Parliament, and the European Commission, and acts as an expert in the area of innovation of justice, digitisation, and various topics of litigation.

In 2019, she was elected member to the Dutch Royal Society of Arts and Sciences (KNAW) and currently chairs the Law section. She is an elected member of the Institute de Droit International (IDI) (2021). Currently she serves on the Council of the European Law Institute (ELI). 

Key (edited) books on Private International Law:

Key (edited) books on Civil Procedure:

Most papers in English are accessible on SSRN and project-related publications and activities on


Expertise related to UN Sustainable Development Goals

In 2015, UN member states agreed to 17 global Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) to end poverty, protect the planet and ensure prosperity for all. This person’s work contributes towards the following SDG(s):

  • SDG 16 - Peace, Justice and Strong Institutions


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