12-Year outcome after normal myocardial perfusion SPECT in patients with known coronary artery disease

MJM Ottenhof, MCGTJ Wai, Henk-Jan Boiten, RS Korbee, R. Valkema, Ron van Domburg, Arend Schinkel

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Abstract

Previous studies have reported a favorable outcome of patients with normal single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) myocardial perfusion imaging (MPI). The aim of this study was to assess the very long-term prognosis of patients with known coronary artery disease (CAD) and normal SPECT MPI results. The population consisted of 266 patients with known CAD (defined as a healed myocardial infarction and/or a previous coronary revascularization), who underwent exercise bicycle or dobutamine-atropine stress SPECT MPI and had normal perfusion during stress and at rest. End points during follow-up were all-cause mortality, cardiac mortality, and nonfatal myocardial infarction. Univariate and multivariate analyses were performed to identify predictors of long-term outcome. Follow-up was completed in 261 (98%) patients. During a median follow-up of 12 years, 94 (36%) patients died, of which 26 (10%) died due to cardiac causes, and 15 (6%) had a nonfatal myocardial infarction. The annualized mortality rate was 3.1%, annualized cardiac mortality rate was 0.9%, and the annualized event rate for cardiac death and/or nonfatal infarction was 1.2%. Independent predictors of total mortality were age, diabetes mellitus, and rate-pressure product at peak stress. Independent Patients with known CAD and a normal SPECT MPI study have a favorable long-term prognosis. Clinical and stress test variables can be used to identify patients with a higher risk status.
Original languageUndefined/Unknown
Pages (from-to)748-754
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Nuclear Cardiology
Volume20
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013

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