A clinical perspective on endovascular stroke treatment biomechanics

Johanna M. Ospel*, A. (Aad) van der Lugt, Matthew Gounis, Mayank Goyal, Charles B.L.M. Majoie

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlePopular

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Acute ischemic stroke (AIS) is caused by blockage of an arterial blood vessel in the brain by a thrombus, which interrupts oxygen supply to the brain parenchyma. The goal of endovascular stroke treatment (mechanical thrombectomy) is to restore blood flow as quickly and completely as possible. There are numerous factors that influence endovascular treatment success. They can be broadly grouped into a) factors related to blood vessels, b) factors related to the thrombus, c) factors related to endovascular treatment technique and tools and d) operator-related factors. While blood vessel and tgthro thrombus-related factors are mostly non-modifiable in the acute setting, operator and technique-related factors can be modified, and extensive research is currently being done to investigate the complex interplay of all these variables, and to optimize the modifiable factors to the maximum possible extent. In this review, we will describe these factors and how they interact with each other in detail, and outline some of their practical implications. We will conclude with a short summary and outlook on future directions for optimizing endovascular treatment success.

Original languageEnglish
Article number110694
JournalJournal of Biomechanics
Volume127
Early online date14 Aug 2021
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 11 Oct 2021

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