A critical narrative approach to openness: The impact of open development on structural transformation

Caitlin M. Bentley, Arul Chib*, Sammia Poveda

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Openness has become an important, all-encompassing term denoting activities facilitated by sharing, using, producing, and redistributing information and communication resources within digital information systems. We compare theoretical advancements that emphasize processes and characteristics of openness with the limitations of extant approaches that have largely focused on improvements to productivity and efficiency. Based on Foucault and Bruner's ideas, this paper contributes a new critical narrative approach to understanding openness explicitly focused on structural transformation and power. The analysis focuses on the case of open development, examining 20 key studies based primarily on developing countries. The critical narrative approach unpacked the production of power/knowledge across actors, intentions, and outcomes of openness research and practice. We find that discursive formations are reliant on technocentric and normative ideals of researchers, leading to narratives of hypothetical outcomes that exclude marginalized perspectives. We propose hermeneutic composability and contesting normative narratives of openness as analytical techniques for an integrated, mutually constitutive conception of interactions between individuals, open artefacts, and open social praxis.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)787-810
Number of pages24
JournalInformation Systems Journal
Volume29
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2019
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS:
This research was conducted as part of the Strengthening Information Society Research Capacity Building Alliance (SIRCA) III programme and is funded by the International Development Research Centre (IDRC) of Canada.

Publisher Copyright: © 2018 John Wiley & Sons Ltd

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