A dedicated applicator for light delivery and monitoring of PDT of intra-anal intraepithelial neoplasia

B Kruijt, Eric Snoek, Dick Sterenborg, Arjen Amelink, Dominic Robinson

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26 Citations (Scopus)


The objective of this study was to develop an applicator for delivery of light and monitoring of photodynamic therapy (PDT) in the anal cavity for treatment of anal intraepithelial neoplasia grade III (AIN III), which can progress to invasive anal cancer. Forty-eight hours before treatment, patients participating in the study were injected with 0.03 (n = 2) or 0.075 (n = 2)mg kg(-1) m-THPC. For light delivery and monitoring of PDT, an applicator based on standard anoscopy equipment was developed which facilitates, in addition to a light treatment fiber, fiber optic probes to monitor blood saturation, blood volume, fluorescence and fluence (rate) at two different locations in situ. Patients were given a light dose of 10-17 J cm(-2) at a fluence rate of 45-50 mWcm(-2) based on in situ measured light treatment parameters. We demonstrate that the applicator does not influence the fluence rate profile of the light treatment fiber. Furthermore this study shows the possibility of monitoring blood saturation, blood volume, fluorescence and fluence (rate) during therapeutic illumination without changing the light treatment protocol. (C) 2010 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Original languageUndefined/Unknown
Pages (from-to)3-9
Number of pages7
JournalPhotodiagnosis and Photodynamic Therapy
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2010

Research programs

  • EMC MM-03-32-09
  • EMC MM-03-61-05-A

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