A defect in the CLIP1 gene (CLIP-170) can cause autosomal recessive intellectual disability

F Larti, K Kahrizi, L Musante, H Hu, E Papari, Z Fattahi, N Bazazzadegan, Zunfeng Liu, M Banan, M Garshasbi, TF Wienker, HH Ropers, Niels Galjart, H Najmabadi

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Abstract

In the context of a comprehensive research project, investigating novel autosomal recessive intellectual disability (ARID) genes, linkage analysis based on autozygosity mapping helped identify an intellectual disability locus on Chr.12q24, in an Iranian family (LOD score = 3.7). Next-generation sequencing (NGS) following exon enrichment in this novel interval, detected a nonsense mutation (p.Q1010*) in the CLIP1 gene. CLIP1 encodes a member of microtubule (MT) plus-end tracking proteins, which specifically associates with the ends of growing MTs. These proteins regulate MT dynamic behavior and are important for MT-mediated transport over the length of axons and dendrites. As such, CLIP1 may have a role in neuronal development. We studied lymphoblastoid and skin fibroblast cell lines established from healthy and affected patients. RT-PCR and western blot analyses showed the absence of CLIP1 transcript and protein in lymphoblastoid cells derived from affected patients. Furthermore, immunofluorescence analyses showed MT plus-end staining only in fibroblasts containing the wild-type (and not the mutant) CLIP1 protein. Collectively, our data suggest that defects in CLIP1 may lead to ARID.
Original languageUndefined/Unknown
Pages (from-to)331-336
Number of pages6
JournalEuropean Journal of Human Genetics
Volume23
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015

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