A digital method of drusen quantification based on the geometry of fundus reflectance

R. Theodore Smith*, Jackie K. Chan, Takayuki Nagasaki, Janet R. Sparrow, Irene Barbazetto, Caroline C.W. Klaver

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articleAcademicpeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


An interactive semi-automated procedure was developed to level the macular background reflectance for the purpose of morphometric analysis of drusen. In this study, 10 color fundus photographs of patients with age related macular degeneration (AMD) and drusen were used. After digitizing the photographs, the underlying background pattern in the green channel was leveled by a stepwise algorithm based on a geometric model of reflectance in the normal fovea and parafovea. Segmentation of drusen and measurements were made in the central and middle subfields (1000 μm diameter circle and 3000 μm diameter annulus). Two graders independently applied the digital method to the ten cases. The mean digital measurements were compared to stereo fundus gradings by an expert grader. The absolute mean differences between the digital and stereo gradings were 2.4 +/- 2.8% in the middle subfield and 2.6 +/- 3.1% in the central subfield. Two digital graders using the software achieved comparable drusen measurements to stereo gradings. This technique for macular image analysis has potential of being adopted in large clinical trials.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)91-92
Number of pages2
JournalProceedings of the IEEE Annual Northeast Bioengineering Conference, NEBEC
Publication statusPublished - 2003
EventProceedings of the IEEE 29th Annual Northeast Bioengineering Conference - Newark, NJ, United States
Duration: 22 Mar 200323 Mar 2003


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