A genome search for primary vesicoureteral reflux shows further evidence for genetic heterogeneity

ML Conte, AM Bertoli Avella, Bianca de Graaf, Francesca Punzo, G Lama, A La Manna, C Grassia, PF Rambaldi, Ben Oostra, S Perrotta

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Vesicoureteral reflux (VUR) is the most common disease of the urinary tract in children. In order to identify gene(s) involved in this complex disorder, we performed a genome-wide search in a selected sample of 31 patients with primary VUR from eight families originating from southern Italy. Sixteen additional families with 41 patients were included in a second stage. Nonparametric, affected-only linkage analysis identified four genomic areas on chromosomes 1, 3, and 4 (p < 0.05); the best result corresponded to the D3S3681-D3S1569 interval on chromosome 3 (nonparametric linkage score, NPL = 2.75, p = 0.008). This region was then saturated with 26 additional markers, tested in the complete group of 72 patients from 24 families (NPL = 2.01, p = 0.01). We identified a genomic area on 3q22.2-23, where 26 patients from six multiplex families shared overlapping haplotypes. However, we did not find evidence for a common ancestral haplotype. The region on chromosome 1 was delimited to 1p36.2-34.3 (D1S228-D1S255, max. NPL = 1.70, p = 0.03), after additional fine typing. Furthermore, on chromosome 22q11.22-12.3, patients from a single family showed excess allele sharing (NPL = 3.35, p = 0.015). Only the chromosome 3q region has been previously reported in the single genome-wide screening available for primary VUR. Our results suggest the presence of several novel loci for primary VUR, giving further evidence for the genetic heterogeneity of this disorder.
Original languageUndefined/Unknown
Pages (from-to)587-595
Number of pages9
JournalPediatric Nephrology
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2008

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