A phase 1 study of inotuzumab ozogamicin in pediatric relapsed/refractory acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ITCC-059 study)

Erica Brivio, Franco Locatelli, Marta Lopez-Yurda, Andrea Malone, Cristina Díaz-de-Heredia, Bella Bielorai, Claudia Rossig, Vincent H.J. van der Velden, Anneke C.J. Ammerlaan, Adriana Thano, Inge M. van der Sluis, Monique L. den Boer, Ying Chen, Barbara Sleight, Benoit Brethon, Karsten Nysom, Lucie Sramkova, Ingrid Øra, Luciana Vinti, Christiane Chen-SantelChristian Michel Zwaan*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

21 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This phase 1 study investigated the recommended phase 2 dose (RP2D) of inotuzumab ozogamicin (InO), a CD22-directed antibody-drug conjugate, in pediatric patients with multiple relapsed/refractory (R/R) CD22+ acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). Patients (age ≥1 year or <18 years) received 3 doses of InO (days 1, 8, and 15) per course. Dose escalation was based on dose-limiting toxicities (DLTs) during course 1. Dose level 1 (DL1) was 1.4 mg/m2 (0.6, 0.4, 0.4 mg/m2) and DL2 was 1.8 mg/m2 (0.8, 0.5, 0.5 mg/m2). Secondary end points included safety, antileukemic activity, and pharmacokinetics. Twenty-five patients (23 evaluable for DLTs) were enrolled. In course 1, the first cohort had 1 of 6 (DL1) and 2 of 5 (DL2) patients who experienced DLTs; subsequent review considered DL2 DLTs to be non–dose-limiting. Dose was de-escalated to DL1 while awaiting protocol amendment to re-evaluate DL2 in a second cohort, in which 0 of 6 (DL1) and 1 of 6 (DL2) patients had a DLT. Twenty-three patients experienced grade 3 to 4 adverse events; hepatic sinusoidal obstruction syndrome was reported in 2 patients after subsequent chemotherapy. Overall response rate after course 1 was 80% (95% confidence interval [CI], 59% to 93%) (20 of 25 patients; DL1: 75% [95% CI, 43% to 95%], DL2: 85% [95% CI, 55% to 98%]). Of the responders, 84% (95% CI, 60% to 97%) achieved minimal residual disease (MRD)-negative complete response, and 12-month overall survival was 40% (95% CI, 25% to 66%). Nine patients received hematopoietic stem cell transplantation or chimeric antigen receptor T cells after InO. InO median maximum concentrations were comparable to simulated adult concentrations. InO was well tolerated, demonstrating antileukemic activity in heavily pretreated children with CD22+ R/R ALL. RP2D was established as 1.8 mg/m2 per course, as in adults. This trial was registered at https://www.clinicaltrialsregister.eu as EUDRA-CT 2016-000227-71. Key Points: • The recommended phase 2 dose of InO for pediatric patients with ALL was established at 1.8 mg/m2 per course. • Of the patients with multiple R/R ALL, 85% reached CR after 1 course of single-agent InO at the RP2D, 100% of whom had MRD negativity.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1582-1590
Number of pages9
JournalBlood
Volume137
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 25 Mar 2021

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