A Platform for Data-Centric, Continuous Epidemiological Analyses (EpiGraphHub): Descriptive Analysis

Flávio Coelho*, Daniel Cardoso Portela Câmara, Eduardo Correa Araújo, Lucas Monteiro Bianchi, Ivan Ogasawara, Jyoti Dalal, Ananthu James, Jessica L. Abbate, Aziza Merzouki, Izabel Cristina dos Reis, Kene David Nwosu, Olivia Keiser

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

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Abstract

Background: 

Guaranteeing durability, provenance, acbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbfmethodcessibility, and trust in open data sets can be challenging for researchers and organizations that rely on public repositories of data critical for epidemiology and other health analytics. The required data repositories are often difficult to locate and may require conversion to a standard data format. Data-hosting websites may also change or become unavailable without warning. A single change to the rules in one repository can hinder updating a public dashboard reliant on data pulled from external sources. These concerns are particularly challenging at the international level, because policies on systems aimed at harmonizing health and related data are typically dictated by national governments to serve their individual needs. 

Objective: 

In this paper, we introduce a comprehensive public health data platform, EpiGraphHub, that aims to provide a single interoperable repository for open health and related data. 

Methods: 

The platform, curated by the international research community, allows secure local integration of sensitive data while facilitating the development of data-driven applications and reports for decision-makers. Its main components include centrally managed databases with fine-grained access control to data, fully automated and documented data collection and transformation, and a powerful web-based data exploration and visualization tool. 

Results: 

EpiGraphHub is already being used for hosting a growing collection of open data sets and for automating epidemiological analyses based on them. The project has also released an open-source software library with the analytical methods used in the platform. 

Conclusions: 

The platform is fully open source and open to external users. It is in active development with the goal of maximizing its value for large-scale public health studies.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere40554
JournalJournal of Medical Internet Research
Volume25
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2023
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2023 Journal of Medical Internet Research. All rights reserved.

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