A Probabilistic Approach for the Evaluation of Minimal Residual Disease by Multiparameter Flow Cytometry in Leukemic B-Cell Chronic Lymphoproliferative Disorders

CE Pedreira, ES Costa, J Almeida, C Fernandez, S Quijano, J Flores, S Barrena, Q Lecrevisse, Jacques Dongen, A Orfao

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Multiparameter flow cytometry has become an essential too] for monitoring response to therapy in hematological malignancies, including B-cell chronic lymphoproliferative disorders (B-CLPD). However, depending on the expertise of the operator minimal residual disease (MRD) can be misidentified, given that data analysis is based on the definition of expert-based bidimensional plots, where an operator selects the subpopulations of interest. Here, we propose and evaluate a probabilistic approach based on pattern classification tools and the Bayes theorem, for automated analysis of flow cytometry data from a group of 50 B-CLPD versus normal peripheral blood B-cells under MRD conditions, with the aim of reducing operator-associated subjectivity. The proposed approach provided a tool for MRD detection in B-CLPD by flow cytometry with a sensitivity of <= 8 x 10(-5) (median of <= 2 x 10(-7)). Furthermore, in 86% of BCLPD cases tested, no events corresponding to normal B-cells were wrongly identified as belonging to the neoplastic B-cell population at a level of <= 10(-7). Thus, this approach based on the search for minimal numbers of neoplastic B-cells similar to those detected at diagnosis could potentially be applied with both a high sensitivity and specificity to investigate for the presence of MRD in virtually all B-CLPD. Further studies evaluating its efficiency in larger series of patients, where reactive conditions and non-neoplastic disorders are also included, are required to confirm these results. (C) 2008 International Society for Advancement of Cytometry
Original languageUndefined/Unknown
Pages (from-to)1141-1150
Number of pages10
JournalCytometry Part A
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - 2008

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  • EMC MM-02-72-03

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