A prospective study on elective umbilical hernia repair in patients with liver cirrhosis and ascites

Hasan Eker, GH Ramshorst, Barry de Goede, Hugo Tilanus, Herold Metselaar, Rob de Man, Johan Lange, G Kazemier

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Abstract

Background. Patients with both cirrhosis and ascites have a 20% risk of developing umbilical hernia. A retrospective study from our center comparing conservative management of umbilical hernia with elective repair in these patients showed a significant risk of mortality as a result of hernia incarceration in conservatively treated patients. The goal of this study was to assess the safety and efficacy of elective umbilical hernia repair in these patients prospectively. Methods. Patients with liver cirrhosis and ascites presenting with an umbilical hernia were included in this study. For all patients, the expected time to liver transplantation was more than 3 months, and they did not have a patent umbilical vein in the hernia sac. The following data were collected prospectively for all patients: Child-Pugh-Turcotte (CPT) classification, model for end-stage liver disease (MELD) score, kidney failure, cardiovascular comorbidity, operation-related complications, and duration of hospital stay. Mortality rates were registered in hospital records and verified in government records during follow-up. Mortality rates were registered in hospital records and verified in government records during follow-up. On completion of the study, a retrospective survey was performed to search for any patients who met the study inclusion criteria but were left out of the study cohort. Results. In total, 30 patients (25 males) underwent operation at a mean age of 58 years (standard deviation [SD] +/- 9 years). Of these 30 patients, 6 were classified as CPT grade A (20%), 19 (63%) as grade B, and 5 (17%) as grade C. The patients' median MELD score was 12 (interquartile range [IQR], 8-16). In 10 (33%) of the 30 patients hernia repair was performed with mesh. The median duration of hospital stay was 3 days (IQR, 2-4). None of the patients were admitted to the intensive care unit. Postoperative complications included pneumonia and decompensation of cirrhosis (1 case each,) resulting in prolonged hospital stay for those 2 patients. After a median follow-up period of 25 months (IQR, 14-34), 2 (7%) of the 30 patients died; neither of the deaths were attributable to the umbilical hernia repair. A total of 2 patients suffered recurrence. Conclusion. Elective umbilical hernia repair is safe and the preferred approach in cirrhotic patients with ascites. (Surgery 2011;150:542-6.)
Original languageUndefined/Unknown
Pages (from-to)542-546
Number of pages5
JournalSurgery
Volume150
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2011

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