A Randomized Comparison of the Magnetic Navigation System Versus Conventional Percutaneous Coronary Intervention

SH (Steve) Ramcharitar, Robert Jan van Geuns, M Patterson, Wim Giessen, M van der Ent, Ron van Domburg, PWJC (Patrick) Serruys

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A randomized comparison of the magnetic navigation system (MNS) to conventional guidewire techniques in percutaneous coronary interventions. Background: The MNS precisely directs a magnetized guidewire in vivo through two permanent external magnets. Methods: A total of 111 consecutive patients were enrolled. Crossing success, crossing-/fluoroscopy times, and contrast usage were directly compared. Lesions were classified according to the AHA/ACC criteria. Three tertiles of vessel/ lesion complexity [low (<5), medium (6-10) and high (>10)] were defined using 3D reconstructions and angiographic information. Results: The crossing success for magnetic and the conventional wires were 93.3and 95.6%, respectively. Crossing and fluoroscopy times were longer with the magnetic wires (72.9 +/- 50.3 sec vs. 58.1 +/- 47.2 sec, P < 0.001 and 66.2 +/- 44.1 sec vs. 55.2 +/- 44.4 sec, P = 0.03, respectively). In vessels with low and medium complexity the magnetic wires had significantly longer times (P < 0.001) but for those with high scores (>10) a trend towards shorter times was observed. The MNS resulted in a small but significant reduction in contrast usage (2.3 +/- 3.5 ml vs. 4.5 +/- 4.4 ml, P < 0.001). Moreover by superimposing a virtual roadmap of the vessel on the live fluoroscopy image 48% of the lesions were crossed without requiring contrast agents with the MNS. Conclusion: The MNS has comparable crossing success to conventional PCI. It is relatively slower but there is a trend to support a potential advantage in more complex vessels. By simultaneously employing a virtual roadmap there is a small but significant reduction in contrast usage. (C) 2008 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
Original languageUndefined/Unknown
Pages (from-to)761-770
Number of pages10
JournalCatheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 2008

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