A Randomized Controlled Trial of an Implantable 2-Channel Peroneal Nerve Stimulator on Walking Speed and Activity in Poststroke Hemiplegia

Anke I. Kottink*, Hermie J. Hermens, Anand V. Nene, Martin J. Tenniglo, HE van der Aa, Hendrik P. Buschman, Maarten J. IJzerman

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

126 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Kottink AI, Hermens HJ, Nene AV, Tenniglo MJ, van der Aa HE, Buschman HP, IJzerman MJ. A randomized controlled trial of an implantable 2-channel peroneal nerve stimulator on walking speed and activity in poststroke hemiplegia. Objective: To determine the effect of a new implantable 2-channel peroneal nerve stimulator on walking speed and daily activities, in comparison with the usual treatment in chronic stroke survivors with a drop foot. Design: Randomized controlled trial. Setting: All subjects were measured 5 times in the gait laboratory. Participants: Twenty-nine stroke survivors with chronic hemiplegia with drop foot who fulfill the predefined inclusion and exclusion criteria were included in the study. Intervention: The intervention group received an implantable 2-channel peroneal nerve stimulator for correction of their drop foot. The control group continued using their conventional walking device, consisting of an ankle-foot orthosis, orthopedic shoes, or no device. Main Outcome Measures: Walking speed, assessed both by a six-minute walk test (6MWT) and by using a 10-m walkway, was selected as primary outcome measure and activity monitoring data, consisting of percentage time spent on stepping, standing, and sitting/lying were selected as secondary outcome measure. Results: Functional electric stimulation (FES) resulted in a 23% improvement of walking speed measured with the 6MWT, whereas the improvement in the control group was only 3% (P=.010). Comfortable walking speed measured on a 10-m walkway was also significantly improved in favor of FES (P=.038). The percentage time spent on stepping deteriorated with 3% in the intervention and 0.8% in control group, which was not statistically significant between both groups (P=.13). Conclusions: The present study shows a clinically relevant effect of the implantable 2-channel peroneal nerve stimulator on walking speed in the sample of stroke survivors included in our study.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)971-978
Number of pages8
JournalArchives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
Volume88
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2007
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
Supported by the European Eureka program, the Department of Dutch Ministry of Economic Affairs in The Hague, The Netherlands; the Ministry of Health, Welfare and Sport in The Hague, The Netherlands; and St Hubertus Foundation, The Netherlands.

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