A stable isotope dilution LC-ESI-MS/MS method for the quantification of pyridoxal-5 '-phosphate in whole blood

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Vitamin B6 is a cofactor in numerous biologic processes that include gluconeogenesis, neurotransmitter synthesis and amino acid metabolism. The aim of this study was to develop a method to measure the concentration of the biologically active form of vitamin B6 (pyridoxal-5'-phosphate, PLP) in whole blood with stable isotope dilution LC-ESI-MS/MS and compare this new procedure with an established HPLC method based on derivatization of pyridoxal-5'-phosphate. 50 mu l of stable isotope (PLP-d3) was added to 250 mu l of sample, followed by deproteinization with 10% trichloroacetic acid. After centrifugation, 20111 of the supernatant was injected into the LC-ESI-MS/MS. Reversed phase chromatography was performed on a UPLC system, using a Waters (TM) Symmetry C18 column, with a gradient of 0.1% formic acid in methanol. PLP was measured on a tandem MS with a mass transition of 247.8 > 149.8 in the positive ion mode with a collision energy of 14 eV. The chromatographic run lasted 4 min. The method was linear from 4 to 8000 nmol/l. The intra-day and inter-day precision ranged between 1.7-2.8% and 3.0-4.1%, respectively. The mean absolute matrix-effect was 99.3% [97-102%]. The relative matrix-effect was 98.8%. The mean recovery was 98% [89-103%] The lower limit of quantification was 4 nmol/l. The comparison of the LC-ESI-MS/MS method with our current HPLC method yielded the following equation: LC-ESI-MS/MS=1.11 (confidence interval, Cl: 1.03-1.201 x HPLC+4.6 (Cl: -1.3 to 11.01 (r(2) = 0.94). This LC-ESI-MS/MS based method is characterized by simple sample processing and a short run time. The comparison with the current HPLC method is excellent although a significant proportional bias was detected. To conclude, the LC-ESI-MS/MS method is an appropriate method to determine PLP in whole blood. (C) 2012 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Original languageUndefined/Unknown
Pages (from-to)134-141
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Chromatography B. Analytical Technologies in the Biomedical and Life Sciences
Publication statusPublished - 2012

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