A stepwise transformation: description and outcome of perioperative procedures in patients receiving a total knee arthroplasty

W. F.C. Van Houtert*, D. O. Strijbos, R. Bimmel, W. P. Krijnen, J. Jager, N. L.U. Van Meeteren, G. Van der Sluis

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

Aims To investigate the impact of consecutive perioperative care transitions on in-hospital recovery of patients who had primary total knee arthroplasty (TKA) over an 11-year period. Methods This observational cohort study used electronic health record data from all patients undergoing preoperative screening for primary TKA at a northern netherlands hospital between 2009 and 2020. In this timeframe, three perioperative care transitions were divided into four periods: Baseline care (Joint Care, n = 171; May 2009 to August 2010), Function-tailored (n = 404; September 2010 to October 2013), Fast-track (n = 721; november 2013 to May 2018), and Prehabilitation (n = 601; June 2018 to December 2020). In-hospital recovery was measured using inpatient recovery of activities (IROA), length of stay (LOS), and discharge to preoperative living situation (PLS). Multivariable regression models were used to analyze the impact of each perioperative care transition on in-hospital recovery. Results The four periods analyzed involved 1,853 patients (65.9% female (1,221/1,853); mean age 70.1 years (SD 9.0)). IROA improved significantly with each transition: Function-tailored (0.9 days; p < 0.001 (95% confidence interval (CI) -0.32 to -0.15)), Fast-track (0.6 days; p < 0.001 (95% CI -0.25 to -0.16)), and Prehabilitation (0.4 days; p < 0.001 (95% CI -0.18 to -0.10)). LOS decreased significantly in Function-tailored (1.1 days; p = 0.001 (95% CI -0.30 to -0.06)), Fast-track (0.6 days; p < 0.001 (95% CI -0.21 to -0.05)), and Prehabilitation (0.6 days; p < 0.001 (95%CI -0.27 to -0.11)). Discharge to PLS increased in Function-tailored (77%), Fast-track (91.6%), and Prehabilitation (92.6%). Post-hoc analysis indicated a significant increase after the transition to the Fast-track period (p < 0.001 (95% CI 3.19 to 8.00)). Conclusion This study highlights the positive impact of different perioperative care procedures on in-hospital recovery of patients undergoing primary TKA. Assessing functional recovery, LOS, and discharge towards PLS consistently, provides hospitals with valuable insights into postoperative recovery. This can potentially aid planning and identifying areas for targeted improvements to optimize patient outcomes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)573-581
Number of pages9
JournalBone and Joint Journal
Volume106 B
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2024

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Publisher Copyright: © 2024 van Houtert et al.

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