Ablation of Typical Right Atrial Flutter in Patients with Pulmonary Hypertension

U Luesebrink, D Fischer, F Gezgin, Dirk-jan Duncker, T Koenig, H Oswald, G Klein, A Gardiwal

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22 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: RF ablation for cavotricuspid isthmus (CTI) dependent flutter is an established therapy. Right atrial hypertrophy and enlargement are associated with the occurrence of cavotricuspid isthmus dependent flutter. Therefore, patients with pulmonary hypertension (PAH) are prone to atrial arrhythmias like cavotricuspid isthmus dependent flutter. However, the influence of PAH on typical atrial flutter ablation procedure has not been systematically examined. Methods: In a retrospective single-centre analysis data of patients undergoing an ablation procedure for cavotricuspid isthmus dependent flutter between January 2007 and October 2009 at Hannover Medical School, Germany were analysed. Only procedures performed by experienced electrophysiologists with an 8 mm RF-ablation catheter were included. Data for 196 patients were analysed. Thirty-eight patients were identified with PAH and were compared to 158 patients without PAH for procedural ablation p Results: A bidirectional block of the CTI was achieved in all patients. Patients with severe PAH had a significantly longer procedure time (78 +/- 40 min vs. 62 +/- 29 min; p = 0.033), total ablation time (20 +/- 11 min vs. 15 +/- 9 min; p = 0.02) and more ablation lesions (26 +/- 16 vs. 19 +/- 12; p = 0.018) as compared to patients without PAH. Conclusion: Cavotricuspid isthmus dependent flutter ablation in patients with PAH is associated with longer procedure duration and a greater amount of cumulative tissue ablation needed to achieve bidirectional block of the CTI compared to patients without pulmonary hypertension. (Heart, Lung and Circulation 2012;21:695-699) (C) 2012 Australian and New Zealand Society of Cardiac and Thoracic Surgeons (ANZSCTS) and the Cardiac Society of Australia and New Zealand (CSANZ). Published by Elsevier Inc
Original languageUndefined/Unknown
Pages (from-to)695-699
Number of pages5
JournalHeart lung and curculation
Volume21
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2012

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