Accuracy of CTA evaluations in daily clinical practice for large and medium vessel occlusion detection in suspected stroke patients

Martijne H.C. Duvekot*, Adriaan C.G.M. van Es, PRESTO Investigators, Esmee Venema, Lennard Wolff, Anouk D. Rozeman, Walid Moudrous, Frédérique H. Vermeij, Hester F. Lingsma, Jeannette Bakker, Aarnout S. Plaisier, Jan Hein J. Hensen, Geert J. Lycklama à Nijeholt, Pieter Jan van Doormaal, Diederik W.J. Dippel, Henk Kerkhoff, Bob Roozenbeek, Aad van der Lugt

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Introduction: Early detection of large vessel occlusion (LVO) is essential to facilitate fast endovascular treatment. CT angiography (CTA) is used to detect LVO in suspected stroke patients. We aimed to assess the accuracy of CTA evaluations in daily clinical practice in a large cohort of suspected stroke patients. Patients and methods: We used data from the PRESTO study, a multicenter prospective observational cohort study that included suspected stroke patients between August 2018 and September 2019. Baseline CTAs were re-evaluated by an imaging core laboratory and compared to the local assessment. LVO was defined as an occlusion of the intracranial internal carotid artery, M1 segment, or basilar artery. Medium vessel occlusion (MeVO) was defined as an A1, A2, or M2 occlusion. We calculated the accuracy, sensitivity, and specificity to detect LVO and LVO+MeVO, using the core laboratory evaluation as reference standard. Results: We included 656 patients. The core laboratory detected 89 LVOs and 74 MeVOs in 155 patients. Local observers missed 6 LVOs (7%) and 28 MeVOs (38%), of which 23 M2 occlusions. Accuracy of LVO detection was 99% (95% CI: 98–100%), sensitivity 93% (95% CI: 86–97%), and specificity 100% (95% CI: 99–100%). Accuracy of LVO+MeVO detection was 95% (95% CI: 93–96%), sensitivity 79% (95% CI: 72–85%), and specificity 99% (95% CI: 98–100%). Discussion and Conclusion: CTA evaluations in daily clinical practice are highly accurate and LVOs are adequately recognized. The detection of MeVOs seems more challenging. The evolving EVT possibilities emphasize the need to improve CTA evaluations in the acute setting.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)357-366
Number of pages10
JournalEuropean Stroke Journal
Volume6
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2021

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
The author(s) disclosed receipt of the following financial support for the research, authorship, and/or publication of this article: This study was funded by the BeterKeten collaboration and Theia Foundation (Zilveren Kruis).

Funding Information:
The author(s) declared the following potential conflicts of interest with respect to the research, authorship, and/or publication of this article: Diederik Dippel and Aad van der Lugt report funding from the Dutch Heart Foundation, Brain Foundation Netherlands, The Netherlands Organisation for Health Research and Development, Health Holland Top Sector Life Sciences & Health, and unrestricted grants from Penumbra Inc., Stryker, Stryker European Operations BV, Medtronic, Thrombolytic Science, LLC and Cerenovus for research, all paid to institution. Pieter Jan van Doormaal reports funding from Stryker, paid to institution and an unrestricted fee from Bayer. All other authors declare no conflict of interest.

Publisher Copyright:
© European Stroke Organisation 2021.

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