Accuracy of dwell position detection with a combined electromagnetic tracking brachytherapy system for treatment verification in pelvic brachytherapy

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Abstract

Background and purpose: To investigate the accuracy of dwell position detection with a combined electromagnetic tracking (EMT) brachytherapy (BT) system for treatment verification, by quantifying positional errors due to EM field interference in typical pelvic BT clinical settings. Materials and methods: Dedicated prostate and cervix BT phantoms were imaged with CT. For the cervix phantom, the Utrecht applicator + interstitial catheters were used. The implants were reconstructed and treatment plans were created with 270/65 dwell positions for the prostate/cervix phantom. Next, EMT experiments were performed in clinical BT settings using a prototype of a combined EMT/BT system. We quantified positional errors due to EM field interference from surrounding equipment by comparing planned and EMT-measured dwell positions. The mean residual error between planned and EMT-measured dwell positions was calculated in the prostate interstitial catheters and in the whole cervix implant including the applicator. For the cervix phantom, the analysis was repeated for only the interstitial catheters. Results: Mean residual errors of less than 0.5/0.4 mm in the prostate/cervix catheters were found. For the whole cervix implant including the applicator, large deviations up to 2.4 mm were found. Compared to the interference free set-up, the CT and patient bed environments showed larger residual errors in the interstitial catheters, but residual errors remained <1 mm in all cases. Conclusion: Dwell position detection with the combined system in interstitial catheters is sufficiently accurate to perform EMT-based treatment verification. The effect of EM interference from the surrounding equipment was limited.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)249-254
Number of pages6
JournalRadiotherapy and Oncology
Volume154
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2021

Research programs

  • EMC OR-01

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