Accuracy of three-dimensional computational modeling in prediction of the dynamic neo left ventricular outflow tract with transcatheter mitral valve replacement

Joris F. Ooms, Joni Ceusters, Alexander Hirsch, Ricardo P.J. Budde, Nicolas M. Van Mieghem*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Transcatheter mitral valve replacement (TMVR) offers a valuable treatment option for inoperable patients suffering from a degenerated mitral valve after previous ring annuloplasty. Dynamic obstruction of the left ventricular outflow tract(LVOT) is a procedural risk with detrimental consequences and can be estimated upfront using a multi-slice computed tomography(MSCT) derived 3D computational model(3DCM). This study explored the accuracy of pre-procedural neo-LVOT prediction in TMVR using 3DCMs of multiple cardiac phases. Methods: We obtained both pre- and post-procedural MSCT scans of a patient who underwent uncomplicated TMVR and derived 3DCMs from each cardiac phase. Virtual implantations of the deployed valve were performed and neo-LVOT dimensions were semi-automatically calculated in the pre-procedural models and matched with the post-procedural models. Predicted and post-procedural neo-LVOTs were compared between 3DCMs. Results: From cardiac phases 20–70%, 11 matched 3DCM pairs were generated. The mean difference between predicted and post-TMVR neo-LVOT area was 3 ± 23 mm2. The intra-class correlation coefficient for absolute agreement between predicted and post-procedural neo-LVOT area was 0.86 (95%CI 0.56–0.96, p < 0.001). Conclusion: 3DCMs could accurately predict post-TMVR neo-LVOT dimensions in a patient with a pre-existing mitral annular ring. Prospective research is warranted to demonstrate the accuracy of these models in larger samples and different mitral annular phenotypes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)93-96
Number of pages4
JournalInternational Journal of Cardiology
Volume336
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Aug 2021

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