Acquired mutations in the genes encoding IDH1 and IDH2 both are recurrent aberrations in acute myeloid leukemia: prevalence and prognostic value

Saman Abbas, Sanne Lugthart, François Kavelaars, AM (Anita) Schelen, Jasper Koenders, Annelieke Zeilemaker, Wim Putten, Anita Rijneveld, Bob Löwenberg, Peter Valk

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Abstract

Somatic mutations in isocitrate dehydrogenase 1 and 2 (IDH1 and IDH2) were recently demonstrated in acute myeloid leukemia (AML), but their prevalence and prognostic impact remain to be explored in large extensively characterized AML series, and also in various other hematologic malignancies. Here, we demonstrate in 893 newly diagnosed cases of AML mutations in the IDH1 (6%) and IDH2 (11%) genes. Moreover, we identified IDH mutations in 2 JAK2 V617F myeloproliferative neoplasias (n = 96), a single case of acute lymphoblastic leukemia (n = 96), and none in chronic myeloid leukemias (n = 81). In AML, IDH1 and IDH2 mutations are more common among AML with normal karyotype and NPM1(mutant) genotypes. IDH1 mutation status is an unfavorable prognostic factor as regards survival in a composite genotypic subset lacking FLT3(ITD) and NPM1(mutant). Thus, IDH1 and IDH2 mutations are common genetic aberrations in AML, and IDH1 mutations may carry prognostic value in distinct sub-types of AML. (Blood. 2010;116(12):2122-2126)
Original languageUndefined/Unknown
Pages (from-to)2122-2126
Number of pages5
JournalBlood
Volume116
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2010

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