Acute CNS White Matter Lesions in Patients with Inflammatory Bowel Disease

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Abstract

Background: Neurological manifestations in patients with inflammatory bowel disease supposedly are rare, although the exact frequency is not known. Most previous reports involve cerebral venous thrombosis, central nervous system vasculitis, or peripheral nerve inflammation. Methods: Two cases of patients diagnosed with inflammatory bowel disease developing neurological symptoms with corresponding lesions in the white matter of the central nervous system led LIS to search a neurological database with clinical in radiological data for similar cases. Results: We identified five patients who presented with acute neurological deficits preceding or following a diagnosis or inflammatory bowel disease with evidence of lesions in the central nervous system white matter on magnetic resonance imaging. Ancillary investigations did not provide evidence of systemic infection. coagulation disorders, or vasculitis. Conclusions: These cases. together with previous reports, suggest that white matter lesions may be another extraintestinal manifestation of inflammatory bowel disease.
Original languageUndefined/Unknown
Pages (from-to)576-580
Number of pages5
JournalInflammatory Bowel Diseases
Volume15
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2009

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