Acute haemolytic transfusion reaction after transfusion of fresh frozen plasma in a neonate—Preventable by using solvent/detergent-treated pooled plasma?

Linda M. Henricks, Elise J. Huisman, Enrico Lopriore, Jessie S. Luken, Masja de Haas, Claudia S. Ootjers, Arjan Albersen*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

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Abstract

Background: Plasma is a commonly used blood product and is available in the form of fresh frozen plasma (FFP) or pooled solvent/detergent-treated plasma. In the Netherlands, solvent/detergent-treated plasma has become the standard product in the adult population since several years, but for neonatal use, FFP remains the product of preference. Description: A preterm neonate developed lung bleeding at day 8 postpartum, for which intubation and mechanical ventilation was required and transfusions with packed red blood cells and plasma, in the form of FFP, were given. Five hours after transfusion, a red discoloration of the urine occurred. An acute haemolytic transfusion was suspected, confirmed by laboratory investigations (fast decrease in haemoglobin, increased free haemoglobin, decreased haptoglobin, increased lactate dehydrogenase and a positive direct antiglobulin test [IgG 2+]). Additional research showed that the FFP product contained nonspecific auto-antibodies that reacted with the transfused erythrocytes, most test erythrocytes and the donor's own erythrocytes. Conclusion: A neonate experienced an acute haemolytic reaction, most probably caused by administrating a FFP product containing auto-antibodies. If transfused with solvent/detergent-treated plasma, such antibodies would have been diluted or captured. This case adds a new argument to the discussion on expanding the use of solvent/detergent-treated plasma to the paediatric population.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)174-178
Number of pages5
JournalTransfusion Medicine
Volume33
Issue number2
Early online date18 Oct 2022
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2023

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022 The Authors. Transfusion Medicine published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd on behalf of British Blood Transfusion Society.

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