Acyclovir-resistant corneal HSV-1 isolates from patients with herpetic keratitis

R (Rui) Duan, Rory de Vries, Ab Osterhaus, L (Lies) Remeijer, Georges Verjans

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Abstract

The prevalence and molecular characteristics of isolates from 173 immunocompetent patients with herpetic keratitis (HK) who were infected with acyclovir (ACV) - resistant(ACV(R)) corneal herpes simplex virus (HSV)-1 was determined. Isolates from 11 (6.4%) of the patients were ACVR, and 9 of these 11 patients were refractory to therapy with ACV; the ACVR isolates from 5 and 1 of these 9 patients were cross-resistant to gancyclovir and to both gancyclovir and foscarnet, respectively. Of the 11ACV(R) isolates, 10 had, in the thymidine kinase gene, mutations that presumably conferred the ACVR phenotype. These data demonstrate a relatively high prevalence of corneal HSV-1 ACV(R) isolates in patients with HK, which emphasizes the need to monitor for ACV susceptibility in patients with HK who are refractory to therapy with ACV.
Original languageUndefined/Unknown
Pages (from-to)659-663
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Infectious Diseases
Volume198
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2008

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