Adalimumab and infliximab survival in patients with hidradenitis suppurativa: a daily practice cohort study*

L. M. Prens*, K. Bouwman, P. Aarts, S. Arends, K. R. van Straalen, K. Dudink, B. Horváth, E. P. Prens

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

13 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Biologics are often required for the treatment of hidradenitis suppurativa (HS). However, data on the drug survival of biologics in daily practice are currently lacking. Objectives: To assess the drug survival of antitumour necrosis factor biologics in a daily practice cohort of patients with HS and to identify predictors for drug survival. Methods: A retrospective multicentre study was performed in two academic dermatology centres in the Netherlands. Adult patients with HS using biologics between 2008 and 2020 were included. Drug survival was analysed with Kaplan–Meier survival curves and predictors of survival with univariate Cox regression analysis. Results: The overall drug survival of adalimumab (n = 104) at 12 and 24 months was 56·3% and 30·5%, respectively, which was predominantly determined by infectiveness. Older age (P = 0·02) and longer disease duration (P < 0·01) were associated with longer survival time. For infliximab (n = 44), overall drug survival was 58·3% and 48·6% at 12 and 24 months, respectively, and was predominantly determined by infectiveness and side-effects. Surgery during treatment was associated with a longer survival time (P = 0·01). Conclusions: Survival rates were comparable for adalimumab and infliximab at 12 months, and were mainly determined by ineffectiveness. Age, disease duration (adalimumab) and surgery (infliximab) are predictors for longer survival.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)177-184
Number of pages8
JournalBritish Journal of Dermatology
Volume185
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jul 2021

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021 The Authors. British Journal of Dermatology published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd on behalf of British Association of Dermatologists.

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