Adaptation of an online training and support program for caregivers of people with dementia to Indian cultural setting

Upasana Baruah, Santosh Loganathan, Prafulla Shivakumar, Anne Margriet Pot, Kala M. Mehta, Dolores Gallagher-Thompson, Tarun Dua, Mathew Varghese*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

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Support for caregivers of people with dementia has been identified as an action area in the Global Action Plan on the Public Health Response to Dementia 2017–2025 by the World Health Organization (WHO). As a step towards that, WHO developed iSupport - an online program to provide support and training for caregivers of people with dementia. To address the need of caregivers in India, the iSupport program was adapted to the Indian cultural setting. The process of adaptation consisted of four phases: (a) information gathering (review of literature and focus group discussions), (b) preliminary adaptation design (modifications using an adaptation guide), (c) preliminary adaptation tests (face-to-face interviews and online test run), and (d) adaptation refinement (final modifications to the intervention and study process). The initial adaptation was carried out by effecting changes in words, names, resources, caregiving scenarios and audio files to make the English version of iSupport suitable to the Indian cultural context. The results of the qualitative adaptation tests provided additional recommendations like changing the links to India specific websites, revising the eligibility criterion for caregiving duration, re-wording of e-mail texts, inclusion of a time estimate required to complete the assessments and decreasing the numbers of screens that the caregivers had to navigate in the program, which were incorporated in the final phase. Preliminary data showed that the caregivers who participated in the adaptation process found the changes acceptable. Translation of iSupport to different Indian languages could be undertaken after initial effectiveness of the program is established.

Original languageEnglish
Article number102624
Pages (from-to)102624
JournalAsian Journal of Psychiatry
Publication statusPublished - 1 May 2021

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