Adequacy of a hospital-wide standard dose of 7mg/kg bodyweight gentamicin sufficient to achieve an adequate prophylactic maximum serum concentration (Cmax) in burn patients undergoing surgical burn wound treatment

Lennaert C P Borra*, Tessa M Bosch, Margriet E van Baar, Jan Dokter, Irma M Oen, Elisabeth J Ruijgrok

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

INTRODUCTION: Pharmacokinetics of drugs can be significantly altered in burn patients. The aim of our study was to validate if the current hospital-wide standard dosage of 7mg/kg total bodyweight gentamicin is sufficient to achieve an adequate prophylactic Cmax (Cmax≥20mg/L).

MATERIALS AND METHODS: A prospective observational cohort pharmacokinetic study was conducted in burn patients undergoing surgical burn wound treatment.

RESULTS: 36/40 (90%) burn patients undergoing surgical burn wound treatment at Rotterdam Burn Centre (Maasstad Hospital), the Netherlands, achieved adequate prophylactic serum concentrations (Cmax≥20mg/L) after a single prophylactic intravenous dose of 7mg/kg total bodyweight gentamicin. Total Body Surface Area (TBSA) burned and total bodyweight were statistically significantly correlated with the Cmax, with correlation coefficients of -0.316, 0.443 and p values of 0.047, 0.004, respectively. Other covariates (age, time after injury, serum creatinine, dose, gender, intensive care admittance) were not statistically significantly correlated. Occurrence of postoperative infection was limited (n=1), no statistically significant difference was observed between patients with a therapeutic and patients with a subtherapeutic serum concentration.

CONCLUSION: The current hospital-wide standard dosage of 7mg/kg total bodyweight is sufficient to achieve an adequate prophylactic Cmax in burn patients undergoing surgical burn wound treatment.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1819-1824
Number of pages6
JournalBurns
Volume42
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2016

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Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Ltd and ISBI. All rights reserved.

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