Adiponectin secretion by perivascular adipose tissue supports impaired vasodilation in a mouse model of accelerated vascular smooth muscle cell and adipose tissue aging

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Abstract

Objective: Perivascular adipose tissue (PVAT) function during aging has not been investigated in detail so far and its effect on vasodilation remains to be fully elucidated. The aim of this study was to investigate endothelium-dependent vasodilation of thoracic aorta in a mouse model of accelerated, selective vascular smooth muscle and PVAT aging, induced by SM22α-Cre-driven genetic deletion of the endonuclease ERCC1 (SMC-KO mice) versus healthy littermates (LM). We hypothesized that PVAT enhances vasodilation in LM, possibly through adiponectin secretion, which might be compromised in SMC-KO animals. Methods: Thoracic aorta was isolated from SMC-KO animals and LM and segments with and without PVAT were mounted in wire myography setups. The endothelium-dependent vasodilation was assessed via acetylcholine dose-response curves and pathway contribution was studied. Moreover, adiponectin secretion was measured after stimulating the aortic segments with PVAT with acetylcholine. Results: Adiponectin, secreted by PVAT, led to increased NO-contribution to endothelium-dependent vasodilation in healthy LM, although this did not increase maximum relaxation due to loss of EDH. Endothelium-dependent vasodilation was decreased in SMC-KO animals due to reduced NO-contribution and complete EDH loss. Despite strong lipodystrophy the PVAT partially compensated for lost vasodilation in SMC-KO. LM PVAT contained acetylcholinesterase that attenuated acetylcholine responses. This was lost in SMC-KO. Conclusions: PVAT-derived adiponectin is able to partially compensate for age-related decline in NO-mediated vasodilation, even during strong lipodystrophy, in conditions of absence of compensating EDH. In aorta with healthy PVAT acetylcholinesterase modulates vascular tone, but this is lost during aging, further compensating for decreased acetylcholine responsiveness. Thus, preservation of adiponectin levels, through relatively increased production in lipodystrophic PVAT, and reduction of cholinesterase might be regulatory mechanisms of the PVAT to preserve cholinergic vasodilation during aging.

Original languageEnglish
Article number107281
JournalVascular Pharmacology
Volume154
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2024

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