Adjuvant Leuprolide With or Without Docetaxel in Patients With High-Risk Prostate Cancer After Radical Prostatectomy (TAX-3501)

MT Schweizer, P Huang, MW Kattan, AS Kibel, Ronald de Wit, CN Sternberg, JI Epstein, MA Eisenberger

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51 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

BACKGROUNDThe current trial evaluated 2 common therapies for patients with advanced prostate cancer, docetaxel and hormonal therapy (HT), in the surgical adjuvant setting. METHODSTAX-3501 was a randomized, phase 3, adjuvant study post-radical prostatectomy (RP) in high-risk patients with prostate cancer (n=228) comparing 18 months of HT with (CHT) without docetaxel chemotherapy either immediately (I) or deferred (D). High-risk disease was defined as a 5-year freedom-from-disease-progression rate of 60% as predicted by a post-RP nomogram. Progression-free survival (PFS), including prostate-specific antigen disease recurrence, was the primary endpoint. The authors a RESULTSBetween December 2005 and September 2007, 228 patients were randomized between the treatment cohorts. TAX-3501 was terminated prematurely because of enrollment challenges, leaving it underpowered to detect differences in PFS. After a median follow-up of 3.4 years (interquartile range, 2.3-3.8 years), 39 of 228 patients (17%) demonstrated PSA disease progression, and metastatic disease progression occurred in 1 patient. The median time to baseline testosterone recovery after the completion CONCLUSIONSTAX-3501 illustrated several difficulties involved in conducting postoperative adjuvant systemic trials in men with high-risk prostate cancer: the lack of consensus regarding patient selection and treatment, the need for long follow-up time, nonvalidated intermediate endpoints, evolving standard approaches, and the need for long-term research support. Except for selected patients at very high-risk of disease recurrence and death, surgical adjuvant trials in patients with prostate canc
Original languageUndefined/Unknown
Pages (from-to)3610-3618
Number of pages9
JournalCancer
Volume119
Issue number20
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013

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