Aetiology of severe burn incidents in children under 5 years of age in the Netherlands: A prospective cohort study

Eva E. van Zoonen*, Anouk Pijpe, Margriet E. van Baar, Marianne K. Nieuwenhuis, Carine H.M. van Schie, Nicole Trommel, Gera Hartlief, Marleen G. Beemsterboer-Haagsman, Annebeth Meij-de Vries

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

Background: Risk factors and mechanisms of injury may change over time. Since knowledge on aetiology of severe burn incidents in children under 5 years of age in the Netherlands is outdated, this study aimed to identify current risk factors and mechanisms of severe burn injury in children under 5 years of age in the Netherlands to direct future prevention campaigns. Methods: Information on personal-, environmental- and behavioural circumstances as well as the mechanism of burn injury was prospectively collected in all burn centres during one year from patient records and structured interviews with parents. Results: Boys around 18 months of age, who, while in upright position, pulled down a cup of hot tea over themselves, were overrepresented. Children in families with more children, having a migration background, living in urbanised neighborhoods or with a low socioeconomic status (SES) are at increased risk for severe burn injury. Most incidents happened in their own home with the parents in close proximity to the child. Conclusion: Outcomes of this prospective cohort study provide up-to-date and extensive knowledge on the aetiology of severe burn incidents in children under 5 years of age in the Netherlands, and provide directions for prevention policy and campaigns.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)713-722
Number of pages10
JournalBurns
Volume48
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - May 2021

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
The Dutch Burns Foundation funded this study.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021 Elsevier Ltd and ISBI

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