Altered Functionality of Lipoprotein(a) Impacts on Angiogenesis in Diabetic Retinopathy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

14 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Purpose: Diabetic retinopathy (DR) is a complication of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Lipoprotein(a) (Lp(a)) contributes to the progression of DR, but how is unclear. In homeostasis of the retinal microvasculature, myeloid-derived pro-angiogenic cells (PACs) also play a pivotal role, and fail to function properly in diabetic conditions. Here, we explored the putative contribution of Lp(a) from patients with T2DM with/without DR and healthy controls on inflammation and angiogenesis of retinal endothelial cells (RECs), and on PAC differentiation. Subsequently, we compared the lipid composition of Lp(a) from patients to that from healthy controls. Methods: Lp(a)/LDL obtained from patients and healthy controls were added to TNF-alpha-activated RECs. Expression of VCAM-1/ICAM-1 was measured using flowcytometry. Angiogenesis was determined in REC-pericyte co-cultures stimulated by pro-angiogenic growth factors. PAC differentiation from peripheral blood mononuclear cells was determined by measuring expression of PAC markers. The lipoprotein lipid composition was quantified using detailed lipidomics analysis. Results: Lp(a) from patients with DR (DR-Lp(a)) failed to block TNF-alpha-induced expression of VCAM-1/ICAM-1 in REC whereas Lp(a) from healthy controls (healthy control [HC]-Lp(a)) did. DR-Lp(a) increased REC angiogenesis more than HC-Lp(a) did. Lp(a) from patients without DR showed intermediate profiles. HC-Lp(a) reduced the expression of CD16 and CD105 in PAC, but T2DM-Lp(a) did not. Phosphatidylethanolamine content was lower in T2DM-Lp(a) than in HC-Lp(a). Conclusions: DR-Lp(a) does not show the anti-inflammatory capacity seen with HC-Lp(a), but increases REC angiogenesis, and affects PAC differentiation less than HC-Lp(a). These functional differences in Lp(a) in T2DM-related retinopathy are associated with alterations in the lipid composition as compared to healthy conditions.

Original languageEnglish
Article number8
Pages (from-to)8
Number of pages1
JournalInvestigative ophthalmology & visual science
Volume64
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 2023

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
Copyright 2023 The Authors.

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Altered Functionality of Lipoprotein(a) Impacts on Angiogenesis in Diabetic Retinopathy'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this