Antigen-presenting capacity of macrophages and dendritic cells in the peritoneal cavity of patients treated with peritoneal dialysis

M G Betjes, C W Tuk, D G Struijk, R T Krediet, L Arisz, R H Beelen

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In this study the antigen-presenting capacity of human peritoneal cells and the influence of continuous ambulant peritoneal dialysis (CAPD) were studied. On average 6% of the peritoneal cells were dendritic cells (DC), with no difference between CAPD and control peritoneal cells. DC were enriched by selecting for non-adherent, Fc receptor-negative, low density cells. A typical spot-like CD68 positivity was seen in DC, in contrast to the pancytoplasmic staining pattern in macrophages. Peritoneal DC morphologically and functionally showed features of cells belonging to the DC lineage. Peritoneal DC were superior antigen-presenting cells for both allo-antigen, and Candida albicans antigen or purified protein derivative. CAPD peritoneal macrophages were two- to three-fold better stimulator cells for allogeneic T cells compared with control macrophages. The level of integrins/adhesins or MHC class I or II, as measured semi-quantitatively on the FACS, could not account for this phenomenon. In addition, a double chamber system showed that dialysate-activated macrophages produced soluble factors that could enhance DC-induced allogeneic T cell proliferation. In conclusion, human peritoneal cells contain a relatively high percentage of classical DC. CAPD treatment does not impair the antigen-presenting capacity of peritoneal cells, but instead upregulates the allo-antigen-presenting capacity of peritoneal macrophages.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)377-84
Number of pages8
JournalClinical and Experimental Immunology
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Nov 1993
Externally publishedYes


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