Antithrombotic therapy and bleeding events after aortic valve replacement with a novel bioprosthesis

RJM Klautz, MD Vriesendorp, F Dagenais, L Labrousse, V Bapat, MG Moront, M Misfeld, E Gearhart, Arie-Pieter Kappetein, JF Sabik

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective: Several recent-generation surgical tissue valves have been found to have bleeding rates exceeding rates recommended by regulatory bodies. We explored bleeding events using data from the Pericardial Surgical Aortic Valve Replacement (PERIGON) Pivotal Trial for the Avalus valve (Medtronic, Minneapolis, Minn) to examine whether this end point remains relevant for the evaluation of bioprostheses. Methods: Patients (n = 1115) underwent aortic valve replacement. Bleeding and thromboembolic event episodes in patients within 3 years postimplant were analyzed for frequency, timing, and severity, focusing on patients taking antiplatelet/anticoagulant medications at the time of the event. Clinical and hemodynamic outcomes are also reported. Results: At 3 years, the Kaplan-Meier cumulative probability estimate of all-cause death was 7.2% (cardiac, 3.6%; valve-related, 1.1%). The Kaplan-Meier cumulative probability estimates of all and major hemorrhage were 8.7% and 5.2%, respectively. Ninety-nine bleeding events occurred in 86 patients: most occurred >30 days postsurgery. Among the 51 late major bleeds, in 5 cases the patients were taking anticoagulant/antiplatelet medication for prophylaxis after surgical aortic valve replacement at the time of the event, whereas the remaining patients were taking medications for other reasons. Age (hazard ratio, 1.035; 95% confidence interval, 1.004-1.068), peripheral vascular disease (hazard ratio, 2.135; 95% confidence interval, 1.106-4.122), renal dysfunction (hazard ratio, 1.920; 95% confidence interval, 1.055-3.494), and antithrombotic medication use at the time of the event (hazard ratio, 1.417; 95% confidence interval, 1.048-1.915) were associated with late bleeds (major and minor). Conclusions: Overall clinical outcomes demonstrated low mortality and few complications except for major bleeding. Most bleeding events occurred >30 days after surgery and in patients taking antiplatelet and/or anticoagulation for indications other than postimplant prophylaxis.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)66-75.e4
JournalJournal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
Volume161
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2021

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