Applicability of an Adapted Medication Appropriateness Index for Detection of Drug-Related Problems in Geriatric Inpatients

A Somers, L Mallet, T.J.M. van der Cammen, H Robays, M Petrovic

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29 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: High drug consumption by older patients and the presence of many drug-related problems require careful assessment of drug therapy, for which a structured approach is recommended. Objective: The purpose of our study was to evaluate the applicability of an adapted version of the Medication Appropriateness Index (MAT) in 50 geriatric inpatients at the time of admission. Methods: We reviewed, fix 432 prescribed drugs, indication, right choice, dosage, directions, drug disease interactions, drug drug interactions, and duration of therapy. In addition, adverse drug reactions were evaluated, resulting in 8 questions per drug. MAI scores were attributed independently by a geriatrician and by a clinical pharmacist, and differences between them were assessed. Furthermore, the relationship between MAT score and drug-related hospital admission was explored. Results: Mean summed MAT scores of 13.7 according to the geriatrician and 13.6 according to the pharmacist were obtained. The highest scores were found for drugs for the central nervous and the urinary tract system; the highest scores per question were detected for right choice, adverse drug reactions, and drug drug interactions. A good agreement between the scores of the geriatrician and the pharmacist was found: intraclass correlation coefficient was 0.91 and overall K value was 0.71. A signif Conclusions: This adapted MAI score seems useful for detection of drug-related problems in geriatric inpatients and reliable with a low inter-rater variability and positive correlation between high score and drug-related hospital admission. We consider further application of the adapted MAT for teaching and training of clinical pharmacists, and as a systematic approach for detection of drug-related problems by the clinical pharmacists in our hospital. (Am J Geriatr Pharmacother. 2012;10:101-109)
Original languageUndefined/Unknown
Pages (from-to)101-109
Number of pages9
JournalAmerican Journal Of Geriatric Pharmacotherapy
Volume10
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2012

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