Aims: Wall shear stress differentially regulates the arginase pathway in carotid arteries perfused ex vivo. Specific patterns of wall shear stress can locally determine atherosclerotic plaque size and composition in vivo. The present work investigates the effects of arginase inhibition on shear stress induced plaque composition. Methods and results: Carotid arteries of apolipoprotein E deficient mice were exposed to high (HSS), low (LSS) and oscillatory (OSS) shear stress conditions by the placement of a local shear stress modifier device for 9 weeks with or without the administration of the arginase inhibitor N-omega-Hydroxy-nor-L-arginine (nor-Noha) (10 mg/kg, i.p., 5 days/week). Carotid arginase activity was measured by colorimetric determination of urea. Atherosclerotic plaque size and composition, arginase expressi Conclusions: Arginase activity is modulated by patterns of wall shear stress in vivo. Chronic inhibition of vascular arginase decreased the size of atherosclerotic lesions in both OSS and LSS regions, whereas changes on plaque composition were more pronounced in plaques induced by LSS. We identified wall shear stress as a key biomechanical regulator of arginase during plaque formation and stability. (C) 2013 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.
|Number of pages||8|
|Publication status||Published - 2013|