Arterial stiffness as determinant of increased amino terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide levels in individuals with and without cardiovascular disease - the Rotterdam Study

Joost Rutten, F.U.S. Mattace Raso, Germaine Verwoert, Jan Lindemans, Bert Hofman, JCM Witteman, Ton van den Meiracker

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13 Citations (Scopus)


Objective Large artery stiffening has adverse effects on cardiac structure and function and, therefore, may be associated with elevated circulating levels of amino-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP). Methods In a large community-dwelling older population (n=6211, mean age 69.2 years), serum NT-proBNP, brachial pulse pressure (PP) and carotid-femoral pulse wave velocity (cfPWV) were measured. Results In individuals without cardiovascular disease (CVD), median NT-proBNP was 6.7 pmol/l in men (n=2073) and 10.1 pmol/l in women (n=3085) (P<0.001). In these individuals, indices of arterial stiffness correlated with NT-proBNP with beta-coefficients for brachial PP and cfPWV of 0.315 and 0.255 in men and 0.233 and 0.232 in women (all P<0.001). After multivariable adjustment (age, weight, height, mean arterial pressure, heart rate, smoking, diabetes, estimated glomerular filtration rate, total and high-density lipoprotein-cholesterol and use of lipid-lowering and antihypertensive medication), these associations remained significant for brachial PP and cfPWV in men and for brachial PP in women. In multivariable-adjusted models, brachial PP explained 20.3% and cfPWV 10.7% of the variation of NT-proBNP in men and, respectively, 10.8 and 9.4% in women. In patients with prevalent CVD, indices of arterial stiffness and NT-proBNP were unrelated in multivariable-adjusted models. Conclusion Our findings show that arterial stiffness is independently associated with elevated NT-proBNP levels in individuals without prevalent CVD. The association between vascular stiffness and NT-proBNP is stronger in men than in women and absent in individuals with prevalent CVD. J Hypertens 28: 2061-2067 (C) 2010 Wolters Kluwer Health vertical bar Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.
Original languageUndefined/Unknown
Pages (from-to)2061-2067
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Hypertension
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - 2010

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