Artificial Intelligence for Inflammatory Bowel Diseases (IBD); Accurately Predicting Adverse Outcomes Using Machine Learning

Aria Zand*, Zack Stokes, Arjun Sharma, Welmoed K. van Deen, Daniel Hommes

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)
2 Downloads (Pure)


Background: Inflammatory Bowel Diseases with its complexity and heterogeneity could benefit from the increased application of Artificial Intelligence in clinical management. Aim: To accurately predict adverse outcomes in patients with IBD using advanced computational models in a nationally representative dataset for potential use in clinical practice. Methods: We built a training model cohort and validated our result in a separate cohort. We used LASSO and Ridge regressions, Support Vector Machines, Random Forests and Neural Networks to balance between complexity and interpretability and analyzed their relative performances and reported the strongest predictors to the respective models. The participants in our study were patients with IBD selected from The OptumLabs® Data Warehouse (OLDW), a longitudinal, real-world data asset with de-identified administrative claims and electronic health record (EHR) data. Results: We included 72,178 and 69,165 patients in the training and validation set, respectively. In total, 4.1% of patients in the validation set were hospitalized, 2.9% needed IBD-related surgeries, 17% used long-term steroids and 13% of patients were initiated with biological therapy. Of the AI models we tested, the Random Forest and LASSO resulted in high accuracies (AUCs 0.70–0.92). Our artificial neural network performed similarly well in most of the models (AUCs 0.61–0.90). Conclusions: This study demonstrates feasibility of accurately predicting adverse outcomes using complex and novel AI models on large longitudinal data sets of patients with IBD. These models could be applied for risk stratification and implementation of preemptive measures to avoid adverse outcomes in a clinical setting.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4874-4885
Number of pages12
JournalDigestive Diseases and Sciences
Issue number10
Early online date27 Apr 2022
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2022
Externally publishedYes

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