Assessing the prevalence of modifiable risk factors in older patients visiting an ED due to a fall using the CAREFALL Triage Instrument

RC van Nieuwenhuizen, N van Dijk, FG van Breda, AC Scheffer, JC Korevaar, T.J.M. van der Cammen, P Lips, JC Goslings, SE de Rooij

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Abstract

Objective: Falls in older people are a common presenting complaint. Knowledge of modifiable risk factors may lead to a more tailored approach to prevent recurrent falls and/or fractures. We investigated prevalence of 8 modifiable risk factors for recurrent falling and/or a serious consequence of the fall among older patients visiting the emergency department after a fall with the Combined Amsterdam and Rotterdam Evaluation of Falls Triage Instrument (CTI), a self-administrated questionnaire that consists of questions concerning demographics, possible cause(s) of the fall, and questions relating to (modifiable) risk factors for falling. Methods: After treatment for their injuries, 1077 consecutive patients 65 years or older visiting the accident and emergency department due to a fall were evaluated by the CTI. The following were assessed: impaired vision, mobility disorder, fear of falling, mood disorder, high risk of osteoporosis, orthostatic hypotension, incontinence, and polypharmacy. Results: The percentage of respondents who returned the questionnaire was 59.3%. The mean (SD) age was 78.5 (7.5) years, and 57.8% experienced a fall with serious consequences. There were 60.9% of patients with a recurrent fall versus 51% with a first fall who experienced with a serious consequence (P = .025). Age and risk factors mobility disorder (odds ratio [OR], 1.9; 95% confidence interval [Cl], 1.1-3.3), high risk of osteoporosis (OR, 2.0; 95% Cl, 1.2-3.2), incontinence (OR, 1.7; 95% Cl, 1.0-2.7), fear of falling (OR, 2.2; 95% Cl, 1.3-3.7), and orthostatic hypotension (OR, 2.4; 95% Cl, 1.4-4.2) were independently associated with a recurrent fall. Age and high risk of osteoporosis were the only risk factors predicting a serious consequence of a fall (OR, 4.6; 95% Cl, 2.9-7.2). Conclusions: Age and 5 modifiable risk factors assessed with the CTI were independently associated with a recurrent fall. Only high risk of osteoporosis was associated with a serious consequence. (C) 2010 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Original languageUndefined/Unknown
Pages (from-to)994-1001
Number of pages8
JournalAmerican Journal of Emergency Medicine
Volume28
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2010

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