Association between renal sympathetic denervation and arterial stiffness: the ASORAS study

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Abstract

OBJECTIVES: Renal sympathetic denervation (RDN) reduces blood pressure (BP). However, one out of three patients does not exhibit a significant BP response to the therapy. This study investigates the association between noninvasive vascular stiffness indices and RDN-mediated BP reduction.

METHODS: In this prospective, single-arm pilot study, patients with systolic office BP at least 140 mmHg, mean 24-h systolic ambulatory blood pressure (ABP) at least 130 mmHg and at least three prescribed antihypertensive drugs underwent radiofrequency RDN. The primary efficacy endpoint was temporal evolution of mean 24-h systolic ABP throughout 1-year post RDN (measured at baseline and 3-6-12 months). Effect modification was studied for baseline ultrasound carotid-femoral and magnetic resonance (MR) pulse wave velocity (PWV), MR aortic distensibility, cardiac MR left ventricular parameters and clinical variables. Statistical analyses were performed using linear mixed-effects models, and effect modification was assessed using interaction terms.

RESULTS: Thirty patients (mean age 62.5 ± 10.7 years, 50% women) with mean 24-h ABP 146.7/80.8 ± 13.7/12.0 mmHg were enrolled. Following RDN, mean 24-h systolic ABP changed with -8.4 (95% CI: -14.5 to -2.3) mmHg/year (P = 0.007). Independent effect modifiers were CF-PWV [+2.7 (0.3 to 5.1) mmHg/year change in outcome for every m/s increase in CF-PWV; P = 0.03], daytime diastolic ABP [-0.4 (-0.8 to 0.0) mmHg/year per mmHg; P = 0.03], age [+0.6 (0.2 to 1.0) mmHg/year per year of age; P = 0.006], female sex [-14.0 (-23.1 to -5.0) mmHg/year as compared with men; P = 0.003] and BMI [+1.2 (0.1 to 2.2) mmHg/year per kg/m2; P = 0.04].

CONCLUSION: Higher CF-PWV at baseline was associated with a smaller reduction in systolic ABP following RDN. These findings could contribute to improve identification of RDN responders.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)476-485
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Hypertension
Volume41
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2023

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Copyright © 2023 The Author(s). Published by Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc.

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