Association between serosal intestinal microcirculation and blood pressure during major abdominal surgery

Arthur LM Tavy*, Anton FJ de Bruin, E. Christiaan Boerma, Can Ince, Matthias P. Hilty, Peter G. Noordzij, Djamila Boerma, Mat van Iterson

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

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Abstract

Background: In clinical practice, blood pressure is used as a resuscitation goal on a daily basis, with the aim of maintaining adequate perfusion and oxygen delivery to target organs. Compromised perfusion is often indicated as a key factor in the pathophysiology of anastomotic leakage. This study was aimed at assessing the extent to which the microcirculation of the bowel coheres with blood pressure during abdominal surgery. Methods: We performed a prospective and observational cohort study. In patients undergoing abdominal surgery, the serosal microcirculation of either the small intestine or the colon was visualized using handheld vital microscopy (HVM). From the acquired HVM image sequences, red blood cell velocity (RBCv) and total vessel density (TVD) were calculated using MicroTools and AVA software, respectively. The association between microcirculatory parameters and blood pressure was assessed using Pearson's correlation analysis. We considered a two-sided P-value of <0.050 to be significant. Results: In 28 patients undergoing abdominal surgery, a total of 76 HVM images were analyzed. The RBCv was 335 ± 96 µm/s and the TVD was 13.7 ± 3.4 mm/mm2. Mean arterial pressure (MAP) was 71 ± 12 mm Hg during microcirculatory imaging. MAP was not correlated with RBCv (Pearson's r = −0.049, P = 0.800) or TVD (Pearson's r = 0.310, P = 0.110). Conclusion: In 28 patients undergoing abdominal surgery, we found no association between serosal intestinal microcirculatory parameters and blood pressure.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)59-64
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Intensive Medicine
Volume1
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2021

Bibliographical note

Funding:
Financial support for this study was provided solely from institutional or departmental sources.

Publisher Copyright: © 2021 Chinese Medical Association

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