Introduction: Hyperglycemia is highly prevalent in patients with acute ischemic stroke and is associated with increased risk of symptomatic intracranial hemorrhage, larger infarct size and unfavorable outcome. Furthermore, glucose may modify the effect of endovascular treatment (EVT) in patients with ischemic stroke. Hyperglycemia might lead to accelerated conversion of penumbra into infarct core. However, it remains uncertain whether hyperglycemia on admission is associated with the size of penumbra or infarct core in acute ischemic stroke. In this study, we aimed to assess the association between hyperglycemia and Computed Tomographic Perfusion (CTP) derived parameters in patients who underwent EVT for acute ischemic stroke. Methods: We used data from the MR CLEAN study (Multicenter Randomized Clinical Trial of Endovascular Treatment for Acute Ischemic Stroke in the Netherlands). Hyperglycemia was defined as admission serum glucose of >7.8 mmol/L. Dichotomized and quantiles of glucose levels were related to size of core, penumbra and core penumbra ratio. Hypoperfused area is mean transient time 45% higher than that of the contralateral hemisphere. Core is the area with cerebral blood volume of <2 mL/100 g and penumbra is the area with cerebral blood volume > 2 mL/100 g. Core-penumbra ratio is the ischemic core divided by the total volume of hypoperfused tissue (core plus penumbra) multiplied by 100. Adjustments were made for age, sex, NIHSS on admission, onset-imaging time and diabetes mellitus. Results: Hundred seventy-three patients were included. Median glucose level on admission was 6.5 mmol/L (IQR 5.8–7.5 mmol/L) and thirty-five patients (20%) were hyperglycemic. Median core volume was 33.3 mL (IQR 13.6–62.4 mL), median penumbra volume was 80.2 mL (IQR 36.3–123.5 mL) and median core-penumbra ratio was 28.5% (IQR 18.6–45.8%). Patients with hyperglycemia on admission had larger core volumes and core penumbra ratio than normoglycemic patients with a regression coefficient of 15.1 (95% confidence interval (CI), 1.8 to 28.3) and 11.5 (95% confidence interval (CI), 3.4 to 19.7) respectively. Conclusion: Hyperglycemia on admission was associated with larger ischemic core volume and larger core-penumbra ratio in patients with acute ischemic stroke who underwent endovascular treatment.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
The MR CLEAN (Multicenter Randomized Clinical Trial of Endovascular Treatment for Acute Ischemic Stroke in the Netherlands) trial was partly funded by the Dutch Heart Foundation and by unrestricted grants from AngioCare Besloten Vennootschap , Medtronic/Covidien/ev3, Medac Gesellschaft mit beschränkter Haltung/Lamepro, Penumbra Incorporated, Stryker and TOP Medical Concentric.
© 2022 Elsevier B.V.