Objective: To investigate the relation between lumbar disc degeneration (LDD) and all type of osteoporotic (OP) fractures including vertebral. Methods: This study is part of the Rotterdam study, a large prospective population-based cohort study among men and women aged 55 years and over. In 2819 participants spine radiographs were scored for LDD (osteophytes and disc space narrowing (DSN)) from L1 till Si, using the Lane atlas. Osteoporotic (OP) fracture data were collected and verified by specialists during 12.8 years. We considered two types of vertebral fractures (VFx): Clinical VFx (symptomatic fractures recorded by medical practit Results: In a total of 2385 participants, during 12.8 years follow-up, 558 suffered an OP-fracture. Subjects with LDD had an increased OP fracture risk compared to subjects without LDD (HR: 129, CI: 1.04-1.60). LDD-cases have between 03 and 0.72 standard deviations more BMD than non-cases in all analyzed regions including total body BMD and skull BMD (P < 0.001). Only males with LDD had increased risk for OP-fractures compared to males without LDD (adjusted-HR: 1.80, 95%CI 1.20-2.70, P = 0.005). Conclusions: Male subjects with LDD have a higher osteoporotic fracture risk, in spite of systemically higher BMD. (C) 2013 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.