Associations between family and home-related factors and child's snack consumption in a multi-ethnic population

Amy van Grieken, Lu Wang, Vivian M. van de Gaar, Wilma Jansen, Hein Raat*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Energy-dense snacks are considered unhealthy due to their high concentrations of fat and sugar and low concentrations of micronutrients. The present study aimed to evaluate associations between family and home-related factors and children's snack consumption. We explored associations within subgroups based on ethnic background of the child. METHODS: Cross-sectional data of 644 primary school children (mean age: 9.4 years, 53% girls) from the population-based 'Water Campaign' study conducted in the Netherlands were used. Logistic regression analyses were used to evaluate the associations between family and home-related factors and child's snack intake. RESULTS: Of the children, 28.7% consumed more than one snack per day. Children of parents who expressed more restrictive parenting practices towards the child's snack consumption (odds ratio (OR) = 2.5, P < 0.001), and who modelled snack eating less often (OR = 2.2, P < 0.001) had lower snack intake. Restrictive parenting practices and parental modelling of healthy snacking were significant for children with a Dutch or Moroccan/Turkish ethnic background, but not for children with a Surinamese/Antillean ethnic background. CONCLUSIONS: We observed that parenting practices and parental modelling were independently associated with the child's snack intake. Also, the relationships between these factors and the child's snack consumption differed for children with distinct ethnic backgrounds.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)430-438
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Public Health
Volume41
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sept 2019

Bibliographical note

Funding:
This study is funded by a grant from ZonMw, the Netherlands
Organization for Health Research and Development, project
no. 200100001 (Grant application no. 50-50102-96-015). The
funding body did not have any role in the design of the study
and collection, analysis, and interpretation and in writing the
article.

Publisher Copyright:
© The Author(s) 2018. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of Faculty of Public Health. All rights reserved. For permissions, please e-mail: journals.permissions@oup.com.

Research programs

  • EMC NIHES-02-65-02

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