Attachment, Depression, and Cortisol: Deviant Patterns in Insecure-Resistant and Disorganized Infants

Maartje P. C. M. Luijk, Nathalie Saridjan, Anne Tharner, Marinus H. van Ijzendoorn, Marian J. Bakermans-Kranenburg, Vincent W. V. Jaddoe, Albert Hofman, Frank C. Verhulst, Henning Tiemeier

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

102 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Both attachment insecurity and maternal depression are thought to affect infants emotional and physiological regulation. In the current study, Strange Situation Procedure (SSP) attachment classifications, and cortisol stress reactivity and diurnal rhythm were assessed at 14 months in a prospective cohort study of 369 mother-infant dyads. Maternal lifetime depression was diagnosed prenatally using the Composite International Diagnostic Interview (CIDD. Insecure-resistant infants showed the largest increase in cortisol levels from pre- to post-SSP: the effect was even stronger when they had depressive mothers. Disorganized children showed a more flattened diurnal cortisol pattern compared to non-disorganized children. Findings are discussed from the perspective of a cumulative risk model. (C) 2010 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. Dev Psychobiol 52: 441-452, 2010.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)441-452
Number of pages12
JournalDevelopmental Psychobiology
Volume52
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2010

Research programs

  • ESSB PED
  • EMC MM-04-54-08-A
  • EMC NIHES-01-64-01
  • EMC NIHES-04-55-01

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