Autologous fat grafting in onco-plastic breast reconstruction: A systematic review on oncological and radiological safety, complications, volume retention and patient/surgeon satisfaction

JW Groen, VL Negenborn, DJWR Twisk, Dimitris Rizopoulos, JCF Ket, JM Smit, MG Mullender

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68 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective: This study presents an up-to-date overview of the literature on autologous fat grafting (AFG) in onco-plastic breast reconstruction, with respect to complications, oncological and radiological safety, volume retention and patient/surgeon satisfaction. Background: Although AFG is increasingly being applied in onco-plastic breast reconstruction, a comprehensive overview of the available evidence for this procedure is still lacking. Methods: A systematic review following the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analysis (PRISMA) statement was conducted. Case series, cohort studies and randomized controlled trials (RCTs) reporting on relevant outcomes of breast reconstruction with supplemental AFG were included. Results: In total, 43 studies were included reporting on 6260 patients with a follow-up period ranging from 12 to 136 months. The average locoregional and distant oncological recurrence rates after breast reconstruction with AFG were 2.5% (95% confidence interval (CI) 1.7-3.7) and 2.0% (95% CI 1.1-3.5), respectively. Fewer cysts and calcifications were seen on radiological images for this procedure than for other types of breast surgery. However, more biopsies were performed based on radiological findings (3.7% vs. 1.6%), and more cases of fat necrosis (9.0% vs 4.7%) were seen after treatment with AFG. The total complication rate of 8.4% (95% CI 7.6-9.1) is lower than those reported following other reconstructive breast procedures. The mean volume retention was 76.8% (range 44.7-82.6%) with a satisfaction rate of 93.4% for patients and 90.1% for surgeons. Conclusions: AFG in breast reconstruction is a promising technique. Safety is not compromised as cancer recurrence and complications are not observed. Whether AFG interferes with radiological follow-up remains to be elucidated. Randomized trials with sound methodology are needed to confirm these conclusions. (C) 2016 British Association of Plastic, Reconstructive and Aesthetic Surgeons. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Original languageUndefined/Unknown
Pages (from-to)742-764
Number of pages23
JournalJournal of Plastic, Reconstructive & Aesthetic Surgery
Volume69
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016

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