Autologous versus allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation for older patients with acute lymphoblastic leukemia. An analysis from the Acute Leukemia Working Party of the European Society for Blood and Marrow Transplantation

Sebastian Giebel*, Myriam Labopin, Mohamed Houhou, Denis Caillot, Jürgen Finke, Didier Blaise, Nathalie Fegueux, Mark Ethell, Jan J. Cornelissen, Edouard Forcade, Ibrahim Yakoub-Agha, Federico Lussana, Johan Maertens, Jean Henri Bourhis, Pavel Jindra, Norbert Claude Gorin, Arnon Nagler, Mohamad Mohty

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

Allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation (allo-HCT) with reduced intensity conditioning (RIC) is an option for elderly patients with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). We retrospectively compared results of RIC-allo-HCT from either a matched sibling donor (MSD, n = 209) or matched unrelated donor (MUD, n = 209) with autologous (auto, n = 142) HCT for patients aged 55 years or more treated in first complete remission (CR1) between 2000 and 2018. The probabilities of leukemia-free survival (LFS) at 5 years were 34% for RIC-allo-HCT versus 39% for auto-HCT (p = 0.11) while overall survival (OS) rates were 42% versus 45% (p = 0.23), respectively. The incidence of relapse (RI) and non-relapse mortality (NRM) was 41% versus 51% (p = 0.22) and 25% versus 10% (p = 0.001), respectively. In a multivariate model, using auto-HCT as reference, the risk of NRM was increased for MSD-HCT (Hazard ratio [HR] = 2.1, p = 0.02) and MUD-HCT (HR = 3.08, p < 0.001), which for MUD-HCT translated into a decreased chance of LFS (HR = 1.55, p = 0.01) and OS (HR = 1.62, p = 0.008). No significant associations were found with respect to the risk of relapse. We conclude that for patients with ALL in CR1, aged above 55 years, auto-HCT may be considered a transplant option alternative to RIC-allo-HCT, although its value requires verification in prospective trials.

Original languageEnglish
JournalBone Marrow Transplantation
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 7 Jan 2023

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© 2023, The Author(s), under exclusive licence to Springer Nature Limited.

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