BCR::ABL1 kinase domain mutation testing and clinical outcome in a nationwide chronic myeloid leukemia patient population

Camille Kockerols, Peter J.M. Valk, Nicole M.A. Blijlevens, Jan J. Cornelissen, Avinash G. Dinmohamed, Inge Geelen, Mels Hoogendoorn, Jeroen J.W.M. Janssen, Laura G.M. Daenen, Bert A.van der Reijden, Peter E. Westerweel*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review



Acquired missense mutations in the BCR::ABL1 kinase domain (KD) may cause tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI) treatment failure. Based on mutation-specific in vitro derived IC50-values, alternative TKI may be selected. We assessed clinical practice of BCR::ABL1 KD mutation testing, clinical response in relation to IC50-values, and clinical outcome of tested patients. 


Patients from six Dutch CML reference centers and a national registry were included once a mutational analysis was performed. Reasons for testing were categorized as suboptimal TKI response, and primary or secondary TKI resistance. 


Four hundred twenty analyses were performed in 275 patients. Sixty-nine patients harbored at least one mutation. Most analyses were performed because of suboptimal TKI response but with low mutation incidence (4%), while most mutations were found in primary and secondary resistant patients (21% and 51%, respectively). Harboring a BCR::ABL1 mutation was associated with inferior overall survival (HR 3.2 [95% CI, 1.7–6.1; p <.001]). Clinically observed responses to TKI usually corresponded with the predicted TKI sensitivity based on the IC50-values, but a high IC50-value did not preclude a good clinical response per se.


We recommend BCR::ABL1 KD mutation testing in particular in the context of primary or secondary resistance. IC50-values can direct the TKI choice for CML patients, but clinical efficacy can be seen despite adverse in vitro resistance.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)938-945
Number of pages8
JournalEuropean Journal of Haematology
Issue number6
Early online date23 Sept 2023
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2023

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© 2023 John Wiley & Sons A/S. Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.


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