beta-adrenoceptor blockers and pulmonary function in the general population: the Rotterdam Study

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Abstract

Aim-adrenoceptor blockers have been used with caution in patients with obstructive lung diseases such as asthma or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), due to the potentially increased airway reactivity and risk of bronchial obstruction. Cardioselective -adrenoceptor blockers have a more beneficial profile than non-cardioselective -adrenoceptor blockers and can be safely prescribed to patients with both cardiovascular disease and COPD. We hypothesized that cardioselective -adrenoceptor blockers also affect pulmonary function. MethodsThis study was performed within the Rotterdam Study, a prospective population-based cohort study. Effects of cardioselective and non-cardioselective -adrenoceptor blockers on pulmonary function were analysed using regression techniques with multivariable adjustment for potential confounders. ResultsCurrent use of non-cardioselective -adrenoceptor blockers was significantly associated with a lower forced expiratory volume in 1s (FEV1) of -198ml (95% CI -301, -96), with a lower forced vital capacity (FVC) of -223ml (95% CI -367, -79) and with a decreased FEV1:FVC of -1.38% (95% CI -2.74, -0.13%). Current use of cardioselective -adrenoceptor blockers was significantly associated with a lower FEV1 of -118ml (95% CI -157, -78) and with a lower FVC of -167ml (95% CI -222, -111), but did n ConclusionIn our study both non-cardioselective and cardioselective -adrenoceptor blockers had a clinically relevant effect on both FEV1 and FVC. In contrast to cardioselective -adrenoceptor blockers, use of non-cardioselective -adrenoceptor blockers was associated with a significantly lower FEV1:FVC.
Original languageUndefined/Unknown
Pages (from-to)190-200
Number of pages11
JournalBritish Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
Volume77
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014

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