Beyond intrinsic and extrinsic motivation: A meta-analysis on self-determination theory’s multidimensional conceptualization of work motivation

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

38 Citations (Scopus)
18 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

This meta-analysis aims to shed light on the added value of the complex multidimensional view on motivation of Self-determination theory (SDT). We assess the unique and incremental validity of each of SDT’s types of motivation in predicting organizational behavior, and examine SDT’s core proposition that increasing self-determined types of motivation should have increasingly positive outcomes. Meta-analytic findings (124 samples) support SDT, but also adds precision to its predictions: Intrinsic motivation is the most important type of motivation for employee well-being, attitudes and behavior, yet identified regulation is more powerful in predicting performance and organizational citizenship behavior. Furthermore, introjection has both positive and negative consequences, while external regulation has limited associations with employee behavior and has well-being costs. Amotivation only has negative consequences. We address conceptual and methodological implications arising from this research and exemplify how these results may inform and clarify lingering issues in the literature on employee motivation.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)240-273
Number of pages34
JournalOrganizational Psychology Review
Volume11
Issue number3
Early online date7 Apr 2021
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2021

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
We would like to dedicate this manuscript to Willy Lens and thank Filip Germeys, Joseph Carpini, and Richard Ryan for their comments on a previous version of this manuscript. The author(s) disclosed receipt of the following financial support for the research, authorship, and/or publication of this article: This research was funded by grant support from KU Leuven (VKH-C9278-StG/14/035) and FWO (V402915N and V404216N).

Funding Information:
The author(s) disclosed receipt of the following financial support for the research, authorship, and/or publication of this article: This research was funded by grant support from KU Leuven (VKH-C9278-StG/14/035) and FWO (V402915N and V404216N).

Publisher Copyright:
© The Author(s) 2021.

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Beyond intrinsic and extrinsic motivation: A meta-analysis on self-determination theory’s multidimensional conceptualization of work motivation'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this